In 2000, according to the World Health Organization, at least 171 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes, or 2.8% of the population.
The incidence of diabetes mellitus in Mexico will have risen 40% by the year 2012, killing over 100,000 Mexicans during that year, according to Jose Angel Cordova Villalobos, Health Secretary, Mexico.
Only 68 percent of U.S. diabetics are diagnosed, according to the American Diabetes Association, an advocacy group based in Alexandria, Virginia. Some 5.7 million Americans don’t know they have the disease, the association said.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition in which a person has a high blood sugar (glucose) level, either because the body do not produce enough insulin, or because body cells do not properly respond to the insulin that is produced. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas which regulates glucose. Insulin enables body cells to absorb glucose and to convert it into turn into energy. If the body cells do not absorb the glucose, the glucose accumulates in the blood (hyperglycemia), leading to vascular, nerve, and other complications.
There are many types of diabetes the most common of which are:
The disease mechanisms in Type II diabetes are not wholly known, but some experts suggest that it may involve the following three stages in most patients:
All forms of diabetes have been treatable since insulin became medically available in 1921. Type II diabetes can be controlled with tablets, but it is a chronic condition that usually cannot be cured.
Diabetes without proper treatments can cause many complications. Acute complications include hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, or non-ketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, and retinal damage.